Guido d'Arezzo As an
introduction, we will say that since Prehistory there is musical archaeological
evidence (bone flutes, whistles, Egyptian harps or metal wind instruments from
Rome, among others). Unfortunately, we do not know what music sounded like in
the early civilizations, since music was transmitted orally and there were no
scores. The creation of
the first musical symbols –the neumes- and their evolution towards the present
score, was a work of many centuries (task which is carried out even now because
new symbols are still being invented in order to perform contemporary scores). Sounds have
always existed but, at some point in our time line, humans learnt to use some of
them musically. But, how were the name of the notes allocated?
The first reference that the Western world has
about it is attributed to the Scientist and Mathematician Claudius Ptolemy (c.
100 – c. 170), who wrote a musical scale whose notes he named after the seven
first letters of the Latin alphabet, id …
Tom Holkenborg (Junkie XL) is one of the most famous film composers of the 21st century.
He was born in Holland in 1967 and in his youth, he was a rock and electronic music player in several bands (Fear Factory, Dog eat dog...)
In the middle of the 90s, he started his productions for video games and films. At that time, his friends used to call him “Junkie”, because he was addicted to work in his production studio, were he spent a lot of his time. At the same time, he put his focus on electronic dance music, playing in night clubs. In 1997 he won the Grand Prix to the best producer of house music in his home country. Some of his albums were among others Big sound of the drags, Saturday night teenage kick, Radio JXL, etc.
In 2003 he decided to move to Los Angeles, California, the city of the best film studios where he became into a great film composer. Some of his works in this field include: 300: Rise of an empire (2014)Divergent (2014)Mad Max: Fury Road (2015)Deadpool (2016)Batman vs …
The origin of the bands is uncertain but it is believed that it occurred when the musicians accompanied the soldiers in the battle.
The ancient Mesopotamian civilizations already used musicians in the war. In Roma times, musicians played bronze fanfare trumpets with the military, and sometimes hundreds of trumpeters would lead large processions. In the Renaissance, brass instruments began to develop and evolve to resemble the instruments used today.
European instruments were brought to the new world by the colonists. During the time of the American Revolution, marching bands consisted primarily of fifes, pipes and drums.
In the nineteenth century, new instruments were invented: flugelhorns, tenor horns, baritones, euphoniums, trombones, tubas, valve trumpets, French horns and other brass instruments of all shapes and sizes. Adolph Sax invented a family of sax instruments and existing instruments were also improved upon. The concert band became established and gradually grew to incl…